Microphone custom microphone types, microphone selection
The microphone belongs to the microphone in the sound system. It can convert sound into electric energy and then transmit it to the subsequent stage, and then carry out amplifying and reproducing. There are many types of microphones.
Microphones are classified by shape
According to the appearance, we mainly have handheld, lapel, gooseneck, interface and so on.
Hand-held microphone: Hand-held microphone is mainly used for program hosting and karaoke singing. This type of microphone is generally made of metal materials and equipped with a high-strength non-slip metal mesh cover, which can effectively protect the microphone from damage. The handheld microphone can effectively enhance the main sound source, suppress background noise, and at the same time eliminate airflow noise during singing.
Lavalier microphone: Lavalier is generally used for lectures or singing. Because it is wireless and does not need to be hand-held, it is very suitable for teachers or actors who need to dance while singing. In our common TV shows, interviews with experts or something, the guests usually don't wear this kind of microphone, because it is small and unobtrusive.
Gooseneck microphone: The gooseneck microphone is mainly used for meetings or speeches. This kind of microphone picks up accurately and clearly, and has high sensitivity, so it can capture sound without the need for a mouth close to one another. The angle of the microphone pole of the gooseneck microphone can be adjusted as needed to avoid the need for participants to adjust their standing and sitting postures in order to speak. Such a setting can ensure the most comfortable sitting and standing posture for the speaker.
Boundary microphone: Boundary microphone commonly used in telephone conferences. This kind of microphone has high sensitivity and large pickup range, so the voices of the participants at the round table can be accurately captured.
Microphones can also be divided into wired and wireless
Wired microphone: The wired microphone does not require a host and can be directly connected to the processing equipment. For example, power amplifier or mixer.
Wireless microphone: The wireless microphone needs a host. The host is connected to the processing equipment.
Wireless microphones are mainly divided into V segment and U segment according to frequency band.
The V segment is cheap, but the distance is relatively short, and it is easily interfered by surrounding signals.
The price of U-segment is more than twice that of V-segment. Not only can you talk at a longer distance, but it can also reduce the interference of surrounding signals to sound signals. At present, U-segment is mostly used.
Wireless microphones are mostly divided into one for two or one for four. It means two microphones on one mainframe or four microphones on one mainframe. The microphone can be handheld, it can be a lavalier, or a gooseneck.