I believe that when friends enter the recording studio for the first time, the first thing that attracts your attention must be the microphone. For professional microphones for recording, it is the front end of the recording system, and its quality directly represents the overall quality of the recording. The sound recorded by a relatively poor microphone, no matter how repaired it is in the later stage, is not perfect. Therefore, how to choose a recording microphone that suits you is extremely important.
1. Which is better, condenser microphone or dynamic microphone?
Generally speaking, many of us usually choose condenser microphones. This is because the sensitivity of condenser microphones is relatively high, especially for high-frequency sound components. Dynamic microphones are not unavailable, but you will find that it cannot capture enough sound details that you need.
1. Choose a large diaphragm recording microphone
Large-diaphragm microphones are quieter and can optimize the sound of the recording object, while small-diaphragm microphones have better off-axis response and are more faithful to the real sound. The large-diaphragm microphone mainly picks up the sound from the side, which means that the sound is picked up by the side instead of the top, and it has a good effect when recording human voices. The large diaphragm microphone is of course the best choice for recording vocals in the studio, but the small diaphragm microphone and the top pickup microphone are the best choice for musical instrument recording, especially when precise sound is required.
Understand frequency response characteristics
When choosing a microphone, the user should be the first to care about its frequency response characteristics. The frequency response must be wide enough to pick up the entire range of sounds, with no audible change in the quality of natural sound sources. The next step is to select the polarity pattern. Among all kinds of microphones at the same price, omnidirectional microphones usually have the broadest and smoothest response, and are also less sensitive to wheezing, hand-held noise, and wind. If there is no too much external noise or too much reverberation, they are very suitable for most applications.
Select microphone pickup mode
The pickup modes are divided into cardioid, supercardioid, omnidirectional, and figure-8. Directivity refers to the range of the microphone picking up the sound. The heart-shaped pointing is the most commonly used point, which can pick up the sound directly in front to the greatest extent, and suppresses the sound on the back and the side better. Therefore, when recording human voices in the studio, the heart-shaped pointing is basically used. The omnidirectional is more suitable for recording cantata, the figure-of-eight direction picks up the sound directly in front and behind, it is not sensitive to the sound on both sides, it is better for recording duet singing
5The choice of "transistor" and "tube"
Many people confuse tube microphones with condenser microphones. Condenser microphones are divided into transistors and tubes. Transistor amplifiers are used in transistor microphones, and tube amplifiers are used in tube microphones. Due to the characteristics of the tube itself, the tube microphone must be equipped with a power supply (it will be included when you buy the microphone). The tone of the tube is warmer than that of the transistor. Although many singers and sound engineers love it, some people feel that it is not clean enough. It varies from person to person, and the tone is very subjective. Generally, tube microphones are more expensive, and there are no too cheap tube microphones. So if the budget is limited, it is better to buy an excellent transistor microphone than to pursue a tube microphone that is just getting started.