There are many types of microphones in our daily use, dynamic microphones and condenser microphones are the most common two, so what is the difference between them? Let's analyze the difference between dynamic microphones and condenser microphones.
The working principle of the difference between dynamic microphone and condenser microphone
The working principle of the dynamic microphone: The dynamic microphone uses the principle of electromagnetic induction. The voice coil is mounted on the vibrating membrane and placed between the magnetic field of the magnet. The sound induced by the vibrating membrane is indirectly converted into electrical energy through the voice coil. Signal.
The working principle of a condenser microphone: Using the principle of capacitor charging and discharging, the sound pressure induced by the ultra-thin diaphragm directly changes the voltage between the electrodes and converts it into an electrical energy signal.
The difference between dynamic microphone and condenser microphone
The characteristics of dynamic microphones: 1. The sound is thicker and stronger; 2. The medium and high frequencies are less and the low frequencies are more; 3. The frequency response range is relatively poor; 4. The sensitivity is relatively lacking.
Features of condenser microphones: 1. The sound is real, powerful, and full; 2. The sound pickup in each frequency band is good; 3. The sensitivity is high; 4. The dynamic range of the sound that can withstand is larger.
The difference between dynamic microphone and condenser microphone price
Because the distortion rate of condenser microphone is higher, long-distance call is easy to be blurred, so the price is lower than that of dynamic coil, which is more advanced.
The above is just a brief introduction to the difference between dynamic microphones and condenser microphones. In addition to the above points, there are differences in tone selection and application range, so I won't describe them one by one here.